The Commission is a national mechanism established under the Presidential Decree No. (140) of 2012, as amended by Presidential Decree No. (13) of 2015, the Republican Decree No. (66) of 2016, and Decree No. (97) of 2016, based on the Gulf Initiative and its executive mechanism, the Human Rights Council resolutions 18/19 of 2011, and the subsequent resolutions of the Human Rights Council, and the UN Security Council resolutions calling for the promotion of human rights in Yemen through the establishment of an independent national mechanism to investigate allegations of human rights violations.